Temporary Space - Contemporary Art Project by Jonna Johansson and Juan Kasari

Project about turism, time, space, money, brands, people, travel, consuming


Globalization and tourism

Tourism concern

Travel foundation

Globalization and tourism by Vesna Peric

Find a grave

Globalization and sex trade

Race and sex

Globalization, sex & profit

Sex travel guide by Slyguide

Arabian sex tourism by Daniel Pipes

Sex tourism in Arabic countries

Tourism in Zambia

Temporary Space, Tourism exhibition document, 2009, Tampere Finland

Tourism meets Baudrillard and Debord  
Kasari, digital prints and fluerescent lamps, video projection, 2009

Hunziker and Krapf, in 1941, defined tourism as "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity."[6] In 1976, the Tourism Society of England defined it as "Tourism is the temporary, short-term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. It includes movements for all purposes.In 1981, International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism defined Tourism in terms of particular activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home environment.

The United Nations classified three forms of tourism in 1994 in its Recommendations on Tourism Statistics: Domestic tourism, which involves residents of the given country traveling only within this country; Inbound tourism, involving non-residents traveling in the given country; and Outbound tourism, involving residents traveling in another country.

The UN also derived different categories of tourism by combining the 3 basic forms of tourism: Internal tourism, which comprises domestic tourism and inbound tourism; National tourism, which comprises domestic tourism and outbound tourism; and International tourism, which consists of inbound tourism and outbound tourism. Intrabound tourism is a term coined by the Korea Tourism Organization and widely accepted in Korea.Intrabound tourism differs from domestic tourism in that the former encompasses policymaking and implementation of national tourism policies.

Recently, the tourism industry has shifted from the promotion of inbound tourism to the promotion of intrabound tourism because many countries are experiencing tough competition for inbound tourists. Some national policymakers have shifted their priority to the promotion of intrabound tourism to contribute to the local economy. Examples of such campaigns include "See America" in the United States, "Malaysia Truly Asia" in Malaysia, "Get Going Canada" in Canada, "Wow Philippines" in the Philippines, "Uniquely Singapore" in Singapore, "100% Pure New Zealand" in New Zealand "Amazing Thailand" in Thailand and "Incredible India" in India.

Adjectival tourism refers to the numerous niche or specialty travel forms of tourism that have emerged over the years, each with its own adjective. Many of these have come into common use by the tourism industry an academics. Others are emerging concepts that may or may gain popular useage. Examples of the more common niche tourism markets include:

  1. Aboriginal tourism (also Tribal tourism and Native American tourism)
  2. Adventure tourism (or Adventure travel usually outdoors)
  3. Alternative tourism
  4. Backpack tourism (or Youth Backpack tourism, see Backpacking (travel))
  5. Battlefield tourism
  6. Border tourism (or Cross-Border Tourism)
  7. Business tourism (or Business travel)
  8. Celebrity tourism (including Celebrity Cruises)
  9. Community Based tourism (or Community Supported tourism)
  10. Cruise tourism (see Cruise ship)
  11. Culinary tourism
  12. Disaster tourism
  13. Dark tourism
  14. Dive tourism (see SCUBA diving)
  15. Ecotourism (or Eco-tourism in some countries)
  16. Educational tourism (or Edutourism, see below)
  17. Ethnic tourism
  18. Event tourism (or Special Event tourism, including Festivals)
  19. Extreme tourism (or Shock tourism)
  20. FIT - Free Independent Traveler (or Fully Independent Travel)
  21. Geopark Tourism (geology-based)
  22. Geotourism (related to Sustainable tourism)
  23. Girlfriend Getaway (all female trip)
  24. GIT - Group Inclusive Travel (see Group (travel))
  25. Golf tourism
  26. Greif tourism (related to Thanatourism)
  27. Health tourism (or Wellness Tourism; overlap with Medical Tourism and New Age Tourism)
  28. Heritage tourism
  29. Incentive travel (gift vacations for employees)
  30. Island tourism
  31. Honeymoon (or Second Honeymoon)
  32. Mass tourism
  33. Medical tourism
  34. MICE - Meetings, Incentive Travel, Conventions and Exhibitions (or Meetings, Incentives, Conferencing, Exhibitions)
  35. Mountain tourism
  36. New Age tourism (see New Age travelers)
  37. Nightlife tourism (also Entertainment tourism)
  38. Package tourism (see Package holiday)
  39. Photography (or Photo) tourism
  40. Religious tourism (including Pilgrimage)
  41. Reunion tourism (see Reunion Tour)
  42. Roots tourism (or Genealogy related tourism)
  43. Rural tourism
  44. Second Home tourism (see Vacation property)
  45. Sex tourism (also Child Sex tourism)
  46. Shopping tourism
  47. Space tourism
  48. Sports tourism
  49. SSS - Sun, Sand and Surf (also Sun, Surf and Sex)
  50. Sustainable tourism
  51. Thanatourism (meaning death related tourism)
  52. Urban tourism
  53. VFR - Visiting Friends and Relatives
  54. Volunteer tourism (or Volunteer travel)
  55. War tourism
  56. Winter (Sports) tourism